The philosophy of the Associate of Science Degree, Registered Nursing Program focuses on the individual needs of the students and patients (persons), within the context of families, communities and environments who exist on a health continuum. Learning occurs via a dynamic engaged process that prepares the learner to function effectively as an entry level registered nurse within nursing and inter-professional teams.
The conceptual framework is based on the nursing process, nursing competencies and learning outcomes that facilitate the integration of evidenced based practices relevant to nursing and patient centered care. Curriculum and course sequence progress from simple to complex with emphasis on caring, utilizing problem solving and critical thinking skills to enhance clinical reasoning and decision making that result in positive patient outcomes. We believe the following concepts are critical to and inherent in nursing and nursing education and are the foundation on which educational experiences are structured.
Each patient (person) is a unique individual with physiological, psychological, social, cultural, developmental and spiritual needs that are in constant interaction with the environment.
A dynamic state of equilibrium maintained by lines of defense and exists on a continuum between optimal functioning or wellness and alterations in functioning or illness. Health is affected by lifestyle behaviors and the ability to maintain basic needs.
Internal and external environmental factors impact the health and safety of the patient, nursing and the interprofessional health care team and are managed to promote a culture of safety.
Nursing is defined in Nursing's Social Policy Statement as 'the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations' (ANA, 2003). It is an art and applied science based on principles from the biological, physical, and behavioral sciences which focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to physiological, psychological, social cultural and spiritual needs. Nurses function effectively within nursing and inter-professional teams, fostering open communication, mutual respect, and shared decision-making to achieve quality patient care (QSEN, 2011).
Education is a dynamic and engaging process of sharing information among individuals resulting in a change in knowledge, skills, and behavior and the development of social conscience. Education respects the individuality of students and recognizes that each student has different learning styles, educational, experiential, cultural, spiritual, economic and social backgrounds and a unique support system. The goal of education is to develop critical thinking and problem solving skills in a positive innovative environment moving from beginning (simple) to advanced (complex) competencies.
Teaching and learning is the right and the responsibility of nurse educators to use sound educational strategies, relevant knowledge, skills and evidenced based practices to facilitate student's achievement of their highest potential. Recognition of differences of individual needs, as well as open honest communication is essential in effective teacher learner interactions.
Evidence Based Practice, Nursing Role, Quality Improvement, Safety, Communication, Nursing Process, Patient Centered Care